The following information was taken directly from austintexas.gov.
With the on-going rains, the Austin/Travis County Health and Human Services Department reminds residents it only takes a teaspoon of water for mosquitoes to breed. Mosquitoes are present in Central Texas all year, but the population is largest and most active during the months of May through November. The best way to address the threat of West Nile Virus (WNV) and other mosquito-borne illnesses is through education and taking some preventative steps to ensure your exposure to mosquitoes is minimal. So far no mosquitoes in our area have tested positive for West Nile.
West Nile infection is caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes. Most people who are infected with WNV don't experience any signs or symptoms, but if symptoms do develop seek medical attention. WNV symptoms begin with fever, headache, tiredness, body aches, an occasional skin rash (on the trunk of the body), and swollen lymph glands. While the illness can be as short as a few days, even healthy people have reported being sick for several weeks. Advanced age is by far the most significant risk factor for developing severe disease after infection. The risk of severe disease is greatest among people age 50 years and older.
Follow the 4 D's to eliminate mosquito breeding areas and reduce your risk of disease:
- Dusk & Dawn -Whenever possible, avoid prolonged outdoor activity at dawn and dusk when mosquitoes are most active
- Dress- Wear long-sleeved, loose-fitting, light-colored clothing.
- DEET- Use mosquito repellent and carefully follow all label directions.
- Drain- Regularly check yards and neighborhoods for water-holding containers and empty them out. It only takes a teaspoon of water for mosquitoes to breed.