The midterm elections are on Nov. 8, 2022. While many Americans will likely head to their local polling station to fulfill their civic duty, a sizeable number will cast an absentee ballot by mail.
Absentee voting allows citizens to vote before Election Day by mail or drop box. Although every state has absentee voting, the rules vary on who’s eligible and often require a valid excuse, according to USA.gov. This can include being unable to get to a polling place due to illness, injury, or disability, being a service member away from a polling place, being on business travel or vacation on Election Day, or being a student at an out-of-state college or university.
Some 46% of people voted by absentee or mail-in ballot during the 2020 election amid health concerns due to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to Pew Research.
For those who opt to vote absentee this year, many U.S. states offer online tools where voters can check their ballot status, while a few require voters to contact local election offices and representatives.
Here's how to track your absentee ballot in each U.S. state
FILE - Official absentee ballot issued in Washington, D.C. on Tuesday, October 11, 2022. (Bill Clark/CQ-Roll Call, Inc via Getty Images)
Alaska voters can check the status of their absentee ballots online at https://myvoterinformation.alaska.gov/.
Voters who chose to keep their residence addresses private can contact an Elections Regional Office to get more information about their mail-in ballots.
Voters in Florida can check their voting status at https://registration.elections.myflorida.com/CheckVoterStatus.
Idaho voters can check the status of their absentee ballots online at https://elections.sos.idaho.gov/ElectionLink/ElectionLink/VoterSearch.aspx.
Some Illinois counties and the city of Chicago allow voters to see whether their mail-in ballots were accepted online, but the state itself does not have a digital statewide ballot-tracking tool. Illinois voters should search online for their specific counties to see whether they can track ballots online or if they have to call their local election authorities for ballot status information.
To check the status of Indiana absentee ballots online, voters must log in to their voter portals at https://indianavoters.in.gov/MVPHome/PrintDocuments.
Iowa offers online absentee-ballot tracking at https://sos.iowa.gov/elections/absenteeballotstatus/absentee/search.
Maine has an absentee-ballot tracking system at https://apps.web.maine.gov/cgi-bin/online/AbsenteeBallot/ballot_status.pl.
Maryland voters can visit the state’s voter look-up portal to check the status of their mail-in ballots at https://voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/VoterSearch.
Voters in Massachusetts can track their absentee ballots at https://www.sec.state.ma.us/wheredoivotema/track/trackmyballot.aspx.
Voters in Minnesota can check the status of their absentee ballots online at https://mnvotes.sos.state.mn.us/AbsenteeBallotStatus.aspx.
Voters in New Jersey can track the progress of their absentee ballots online at https://www.nj.gov/state/elections/vote-track-my-ballot.shtml.
New Mexico offers an online ballot tracking service at https://voterportal.servis.sos.state.nm.us/WhereToVote.aspx?tab=AbsenteeTracker.
New York voters can track their mail-in ballots online at https://nysballot.elections.ny.gov/TrackMyBallot/Search.
Ohio offers a county-by-county ballot tracking system at https://www.ohiosos.gov/elections/voters/toolkit/ballot-tracking/. Voters can click on their county using an interactive map on the Ohio state secretary’s website to track their ballots.
Voters in Oregon can track their ballots online at https://secure.sos.state.or.us/orestar/vr/showVoterSearch.do.
Pennsylvania offers an online ballot tracking tool at https://www.pavoterservices.pa.gov/pages/ballottracking.aspx.
Rhode Island voters can track absentee ballots online at https://vote.sos.ri.gov/Home/UpdateVoterRecord?ActiveFlag=3.
South Carolina voters can submit an absentee ballot status request form online at https://info.scvotes.sc.gov/eng/voterinquiry/VoterInformationRequest.aspx?PageMode=AbsenteeInfo.
Texas voters can track the status of their ballot by mail at https://teamrv-mvp.sos.texas.gov/BallotTrackerApp/#/login.
Utah offers an absentee ballot tracking tool at https://votesearch.utah.gov/voter-search/search/search-by-voter/track-mail-ballot.
Voters in Virginia can also track their absentee ballots by logging into an online voter portal at https://www.elections.virginia.gov/citizen-portal/.
West Virginia voters can track their absentee ballots online at https://services.sos.wv.gov/Elections/Voter/AbsenteeBallotTracking.
This story was reported from Cincinnati. FOX Business and FOX News journalist Audrey Conklin contributed.