The ruling comes from a Texas federal judge who earlier decided that the Air Force was liable for the massacre carried out by a former serviceman.
More than two dozen people were killed in the 2017 attack in Sutherland Springs when Devin Patrick Kelley opened fire during a Sunday service.
A lawsuit alleged the Air Force might have prevented the deaths by flagging Kelley's prior assault conviction, preventing him from legally buying the weapon used in the shooting.
Judge: Air Force 60% responsible for 2017 mass shooting
Gunman attended fall festival in Sutherland Springs and church services prior to mass shooting
Funeral held for 9 family members killed in Sutherland Springs church massacre